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Truyen thuyet Viet nam



Truyen thuyet xuat hien tu trong coi mi.t mu`ng cua lich su dan toc, 
lu'c chua co' su? ky'.  Bat cu truyen thuyet ve nguon goc dan toc na`o 
cung mang ti'nh huyen thoai va` tênh tuong trung.  Rieng dan toc ta, van 
ho'a dan toc pha't trien kha' som nhung chua co' chu viet (hoac co' thu 
chu co^? nao do da mat di nhung den nay macc du` rat co gang, ca'c nha` 
kha?o cuu van chua ti`m thay hay chung minh rang dan toc Viet co da co' 
chu viet) lai trai qua hon 11 the ky bi Bac thuoc, nen ca'c truyen 
thuyet lai duoc ghi lai voi lo+'p vo? chu Ha'n.  Vi' du:  Hu`ng Vuong, 
Trung Vuong, An duong Vuong, Lac Long Qua^n... Co' le? trong ca'c danh 
tu rieng tren chi co 2 chu Tru+ng va` La.c..la` co`n giu duoc hi`nh thuc 
thuan tu'y tieng Viet.  Van de lai co`n phuc
tap, vi' nhu chu Hu`ng la tu chu Lac duoc che'p sai, chu+~ Thi sa'ch 
(chong ba` Trung) thuc ra chi? la` Thi (chu Ha'n khong viet hoa va khong 
co cha^'m cau.  Moi nguoi tu+. cham cau, khi doc neu thay vi` Thi sa'ch 
(ong Thi cu+o+'i) tha`nh ra ong Thi Sa'ch!)

Cho nen, khi nghien cuu, ti`m hieu ve truyen thuyet chi? nen ru't ra tu 
cau chuyen y' nghia tuong trung, uoc muon, ti`nh cam cu?a dan toc da goi 
gam va`o do'.

Ba'ch Viet trong do' co Lac Viet co vu`ng cu tru kha rong tu Nam Trung 
Hoa den ca? ba'n dao Dong Duong nga`y nay, lai co' nguon goc Nam A'
(austro-asiatiques) vua co gio`ng ma'u Indonesien, Melanesien (nam) va` 
Mongoloid (bac) co`n Ha'n toc thou dau chi? cu tru' trong vu`ng Trung 
Nguyen giua Hoang Ha` va` Duong Tu ma` thoi.  Cho nen trong trong ngon 
ngu Viet, hai chu Nam va` bac la` de chi? 2 dan toc: nuoc Nam, troi Nam, 
thuoc Nam... Thuoc Bac, Bac quoc...Cho nen neu truyen thuyet co' no'i 
den dia danh phi'a nam song Duong tu thi` khong co' gi` la la.. Co`n 
nhung chu nhu Than Nong, Au Co, Lac Long... thi` cung da bi Ha'n ho'a 1 
nhan vat hay kha'i niem ve nhan vat do'.

Chi? nen luu y' den y' nghia truyen thuyet.

1. Rong tien: do' la` ket hop giua hai dai thi toc duoc ly' tuong ho'a. 
va` than thoai ho'a.  Cha Rong: suc manh sieu nhien gan lien voi vu`ng 
so^ng nu+o+'c.  Rong phun nuoc la`m mua, vay vu`ng trong trong dam may 
(hat nuoc nho); me Tien: ve dep vat chat va` tinh than tuyet dot ( dep 
nhu tien, suong nhu tien, hien diu va` thuong nguoi...)  tram trung no 
tha`nh tram nguoi con trai (tram: toa`n the, trm hoa, tram ho...): bi`nh 
dang va` huynh de. Day la` 2 muc tieu trong 3 mec tieu ma ca'ch mang 
Pha'p de ra: E'galite', Fraternite' va` Liberte'.  Hai muc tieu dau da 
duoc dan toc de cao trong truyen truyet lap quoc.  
Thu sau se viet tiep.

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© 1999 Minh X. Nguyen